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Annual Computer Security Applications Conference (ACSAC) 2017

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Droid-AntiRM: Taming Control Flow Anti-analysis to Support Automated Dynamic Analysis of Android Malware

While many test input generation techniques have been proposed to improve the code coverage of dynamic analysis, they are still inefficient in triggering hidden malicious behaviors protected by anti-analysis techniques. In this work, we design and implement Droid-AntiRM, a new approach seeking to tame anti-analysis automatically and improve automated dynamic analysis. Our approach leverages three key observations: 1) Logic-bomb based anti-analysis techniques control the execution of certain malicious behaviors; 2) Anti-analysis techniques are normally implemented through condition statements; 3) Anti-analysis techniques normally have no dependence on program inputs. Based on these observations, Droid-AntiRM uses various techniques to detect anti-analysis in malware samples, and rewrite the condition statements in anti-analysis cases through bytecode instrumentation, thus forcing the hidden behavior to be executed at runtime. Through a study of 3187 malware samples, we find that 32.50% of them employ various anti-analysis techniques. Our experiments demonstrate that Droid-AntiRM can identify anti-analysis instances from 30 malware samples with a true positive rate of 89.15% and zero false negative. By taming the identified anti-analysis, Droid-AntiRM can greatly improve the automated dynamic analysis, successfully triggering 44 additional hidden malicious behaviors from the 30 samples. Further performance evaluation shows that Droid-AntiRM has good efficiency to perform large-scale analysis.

Xiaolei Wang
College of Computer, National University of Defense Technology
China

Sencun Zhu
Department of Computer Science and Engineering & College of Information Sciences and Technology, The Pennsylvania State University
United States

Dehua Zhou
Jinan University
China

Yuexiang Yang
College of Computer,National University of Defense Technology
China

 

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